Artificial insemination in a nutshell
Before starting IUI treatment, women may begin taking ovulation-stimulation medications. Doctors will monitor the eggs to perform the IUI during ovulation. Procedures typically take place when LH hormones spike, indicating the start of ovulation.
Afterward, semen samples will be collected, washed, and separated from non-essential components. The concentrated semen sample will be inserted into the uterus with a catheter. Multiple IUI cycles are recommended before moving on to other treatment options.
Unexplained fertility issues may be improved with artificial insemination. Unexplained infertility issues can be caused by a variety of factors that may not be detected by standard tests. A few IUI cycles can improve the chances of fertilization for cases of unexplained infertility.
Mild to moderate forms of male infertility have been successfully treated with artificial insemination. Men with low sperm count, poor sperm motility, or low-quality sperm can hinder the fertilization process. IUI can be performed with either donor sperm or the partner’s sperm.
Cervical hostility refers to issues with cervical fluids. For example, hormonal imbalances can produce thick and sticky mucus that reduces sperm motility. Artificial insemination enables sperm to pass through the obstructive mucus and into the uterus.
What makes a good candidate?
Not every case of infertility can be treated with donor sperm and artificial insemination. Women must have healthy fallopian tubes and ovarian reserve. If not, other treatment options will be considered. Artificial insemination is not a good treatment for the following:
- Women with endometriosis
- Women over the age of 40
- Women with fallopian tube disorders
- Women with a history of pelvic infections
Starting a family with artificial insemination
Women or couples with fertility problems can discuss treatment options with a physician. Donor sperm has helped many struggling couples and individuals start a family. Artificial insemination is an affordable and effective solution for many cases of male impotence, cervical issues, and other cases of infertility. For more information, couples should consult with a fertility specialist.