Early embryo development
A blastocyst is a stage of development in the life cycle of an embryo created through IVF. At this stage, the embryo develops from a single cell to multiple cells. The blastocyst grows into a hollow ball consisting of the trophoblast and the inner cell mass. The trophoblast is located outside, while the inner cell mass is found within. During IVF, embryos typically reach the blastocyst stage by Day 5 or 6 after fertilization. This gives the cells more time to develop before implantation into the uterus.
A later transfer
Blastocyst transfer simply means transferring an embryo to the uterus 5-6 days after fertilization instead of the typical 3-4 days. This technique helps improve pregnancy outcomes by allowing better-quality embryos capable of surviving to this stage to be used for transfer. The extra development time can improve success rates compared to those transferred at an earlier developmental stage.
Benefits of a Day 5 transfer
Research shows selective single blastocyst transfers can improve implantation rates and ongoing pregnancy outcomes compared to standard embryo transfers. The Day 5 or 6 blastocyst is at a similar development stage during implantation as a natural pregnancy. Therefore, the uterine wall may be more receptive to the embryo. The additional time also allows for identifying chromosomal abnormalities. Preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) is considered more accurate at this stage, further improving the chances of a healthy baby. Some studies also suggest that blastocyst transfers reduce the risk of multiple births. This may be due to more stringent selection criteria for transferring later-stage embryos.
A bright future ahead
Blastocyst transfer appears to result in improved pregnancy outcomes over traditional IVF techniques. Research suggests blastocyst transfer could be a viable option for women seeking to conceive via IVF, increasing success rates. Fertility clinics constantly research the best blastocyst transfer methods to maximize pregnancy outcomes. For now, blastocyst transfers are not viable for all IVF cycles. There are still factors like age and quality of embryos to consider. Couples considering this method of conception should discuss the costs, risks, and benefits of a blastocyst transfer with a fertility doctor.