What Is Ovulation?
Don’t wait until after ovulation
Women who are trying to become pregnant should have sexual intercourse before ovulating rather than after. Sperm can be viable for five days after intercourse, but the egg must be fertilized within 24 hours after it is released. To increase the chances of becoming pregnant, the sperm needs to be waiting for the egg.
Look for signs of ovulation
Signs that a woman is ovulating appear in the days before the egg is released which gives time for preparation. This is a woman’s most fertile time. Signs that a woman is ovulating include:
- Mild abdominal pain
- Slight spotting or discharge
- Heightened sense of smell
- Breast tenderness
- Cervical mucus changes
- Increased libido
How ovulation predictors work
Women who are trying to get pregnant often use ovulation predictors to help them know when they are most fertile. There are several different types of ovulation predictors.
These devices indicate when a woman is ovulating by testing her hormone levels, specifically estrogen and luteinizing hormone. This is a urine test and allows women a six-day window to try to conceive. Most monitors can be used to test urine from the first day of menstruation. The monitor will indicate when it is time to begin testing urine with special strips which indicate the level of fertility.
Ovulation predictor kits
This type of test indicates the level of luteinizing hormone (LH) in the urine. LH spikes when a woman is about to begin ovulating, to prepare the egg for the final stages of maturity. This gives a woman a shortcut to finding her window of fertility.
Saliva test kits
Saliva fertility tests predict when a woman is ovulating by monitoring estrogen levels. Estrogen rises before ovulation and before LH increases. By tracking her estrogen levels, a woman can get a woman can get an early indication of ovulation.
Using these techniques can help women predict very accurately the point of ovulation in their cycle. Better understanding this ovulation will dramatically increase the chances of conceiving.